Guzmania is a perennial plant that grows in tropical regions. It is native to Florida, the West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America, and northern and western South America. The genus was named after Spanish pharmacist and naturalist Anastasio Guzman. The plant dies after it produces flowers in the summer, but new plants can be easily created from the pups that form as offshoots at the bottom of the mother plant.
Where Did The Name ‘Guzmania” Come From?
Guzmania is a plant that was named after a Spanish naturalist, Anastasio Guzman. He did a lot of traveling and studying plants in South America.
While traveling in Ecuador in 1807, Mr. Guzman died. After a short time, his colleagues honored him by giving this bromeliad genus his name.
What Are The Most Popular Guzmania Varieties?
The most popular species of Guzmania is Guzmania lingulata, which is also known as the Scarlet Star.
These indoor plants have leaves that are glossy, long, dark green, smooth-margined, and flat. In the center of the plant, the leaves form lovely, red bracts in the shape of stars.
The bract on this plant is not the true flower, even though it may resemble one.
The plant’s true flowers form within this pretty formation of leaves.
These blossoms are very small and white. They are not visible at a glance.
To see the flowers, you have to look between the leaves of the bract. Blossoms may last as long as four months.
The Guzmania lingulata is not very big and would make a good house or office plant. This plant prefers mild temperatures and high humidity. It does best in bright indirect light or in artificial light.
Although there are many hybrids with different names, they are all related to Guzmania lingulata. We simply call them all – Guzmania.
This bromeliad is very easy to take care of, making it a good choice for someone who has never had a plant before. The plant can survive being neglected and not watered often, and usually recovers well from being close to dying. To get vibrant beautiful blooms, follow the care guidelines below.
Sun and Temperature
Water once a week, allowing the potting mix to dry out somewhat between watering Guzmania plants like bright, indirect light, but can put up with less light than a lot of other bromeliads. Water once a week, letting the potting mix get a bit dry between waterings. If a guzmania bromeliad does not form a flower, it may be a sign that it does not have enough light. Guzmania bromeliads need 6-8 hours of sunlight every day in order to grow. This plant can only be grown outdoors in warm climates like Florida or Hawaii. They cannot survive in temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit and thrive in temperatures between 70-80 degrees. Guzmania bromeliad will be an indoor houseplant in most cases.
Water and Humidity
You may be wondering how to water a bromeliad. Guzmania is a type of bromeliad. The guzmania plant is an air plant that gets its water and nutrients from the air. The small root system only holds the plant in place. Guzmania bromeliad has a central cup that, in its native habitat, would be filled with rainwater and give the plant all the moisture it requires. You need to keep the cup about 1/4 full when the plant is indoors. It’s a good idea to empty and clean your menstrual cup every few weeks to prevent water from sitting and growing harmful bacteria and molds. Guzmania bromeliads grow best in moderate to high humidity, like other houseplants that originate from tropical regions. If the humidity levels in your home are too low, placing a humidifier near a plant should help.
Selecting soil for your guzmania plant is very easy. Soil mixes designed for bromeliads are available for purchase and make an ideal potting medium for your new plant. This special blend of soil can achieve well-draining soil, which Guzmania bromeliads prefer. If you want to improve drainage, you can add stones to the bottom of the pot. To make your own guzmania bromeliad potting mix, mix equal parts vermiculite, bark, and peat moss (or coco coir). When making your own soil mix, be sure that it is neutral in pH, as most guzmania bromeliads cannot tolerate acidic soil (although guzmania scarlet can tolerate slightly acidic soil). If you want your potting medium to be more fertile, add some organic matter to it.
Fertilizing Guzmania Plants
Fertilizer is not necessary with guzmania bromeliad at all. If you’d like to make the blooms on your plants bigger, you can give them a light fertilization every two weeks during the spring and summer growing season. To do this, just use a diluted liquid fertilizer as the bloom starts to form.
The guzmania plant only needs to be pruned after the mother plant’s bloom cycle is complete and the flower starts to fade and die back. Cut the bloom as close to the cup as possible. This will allow energy to be focused on producing offspring which can then be propagated to create future generations, and the cycle begins again.
Guzmania Bromeliad Propagation
Bromeliads typically produce pups, which are small offshoots that grow alongside the mother plant. They can be dug up and repotted. Bromeliad repotting is quite simple. When the parental plant starts to wilt after blooming, and the small plants are a few inches high, cut the parental plant at the level of the soil. Then carefully dig up the small plants without harming the roots of the guzmania plant. Then, plant the offsets in a 4-6 inch pot with your preferred potting mix. The offsets will grow to maturity, flower, produce their own pups, and then die.
How Do You Pot/Repot Guzmania?
These specimens don’t need to be repotted because they have shallow root systems.
As long as a plant’s pot has drainage holes and is big enough to accommodate the plant’s growth, the plant should be able to live its entire life in the same pot.
This plant does well in a small pot, but gets top heavy.
Choose a fairly heavy container to pot young pups in.
Place a layer of stones at the bottom of the pot to weigh it down.
This is because it gets top-heavy as it matures. Weighting the bottom of the pot will prevent toppling.
Place your plant in the potting mixture so that the shallow roots are on the surface.
Fill in the area around the roots with more of the same mix to keep them in place.
A good alternative to potting pups is mounting. Epiphytes can be mounted on wood, bark, or other porous surfaces, in addition to using a potting mixture.
What Is The Best Temperature Range?
Keep in mind that these plants come from a tropical climate, so they will do best in an environment with a consistent temperature of 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Do not let the temperature get too high (above 80° degrees Fahrenheit) because these specimens are sensitive to both excessive heat and excessive cold.
What Is Ideal Humidity For Guzmanias?
This plant does best in a fairly humid environment. Take care not to let it dry out too much in the winter.
You can make your plant thrive by placing it in a humid room like the bathroom or kitchen.
Nestling the plant among other specimens can help keep it well-humidified.
If you want your plant to be in a humid environment, you could put the pot on a tray of water so that the air around it becomes humidified from the evaporation.
A humidifier will improve your comfort and health during the winter by adding moisture to the air.
How Long Do Guzmanias Bloom?
The bloom may only last a few days, but the colorful bract can last up to four months.
Do The Flowers Have Any Fragrance?
The flowers are difficult to see and do not emit a fragrance. The flowers on this plant are small and insignificant, and they have no scent.
Do Bromeliads Always Die After Flowering?
The flowers of the plant die back, causing new growth from the roots.
The plant may look like it’s dying after the blooms die, but it’s actually just being replaced by new growth.
How Do You Care For Guzmanias After Flowering?
To encourage growth in pups, provide the same care as for the main plant.
You can either leave the plantlets on the mother plant or separate them and repot them into their own, individual pots.
Is Guzmania Poisonous To Dogs And Cats?
The ASPCA considers bromeliads non-toxic to cats and dogs.
Dogs and cats may nibble on leaves if they’re bored or curious. You may want to place the plant out of reach of children and animals and give them some protection from the elements.
Pests, Diseases, or Problems?
If you take care of your plant by not overwatering it and keeping it safe inside, you likely won’t have any problems with it.
If you don’t provide the right conditions, you may have problems with aphids, mealybugs, and root rot.
If you don’t take care of sac fungus, it can cause problems.
Rot can be a real problem. If your Guzmania is kept too wet, root and leaf rot can occur.
In order to avoid waterlogging your plants, you must use a potting medium that is porous and drains quickly. Maintain a limited, controlled watering schedule.
If you live in Florida, be aware that there is a possibility of an infestation of Mexican Weevil.
Outdoor bromeliads in Florida are particularly vulnerable to this invasive species. Its larvae can decimate a plant very quickly.
You should prevent insect pest infestation by quarantine any new plant before you introduce it to your collection. Bromeliads and other plants should be kept in different areas for approximately three weeks.
This will be a good time for you to look at the plant carefully. If there are any insect eggs on the plant, they will hatch in that period of time and you’ll be able to deal with them.
What Are The Best Uses For Guzmania in Design – Indoors or Outdoors
Bromeliad plants are popular because they can survive in a wide range of conditions.
Though they can’t be kept outside in most of the United States, they can be useful in many ways as indoor plants.
Epiphytes are plants that can grow in a home setting, on a desk at an office, or in large, open, heavily traveled spaces such as office building lobbies, shopping malls, conservatories, and greenhouses.
A way to use Guzmanias is to create a Bromeliad garden! This will provide color for 4-5 months at a time.
Guzmania plants can be kept indoors in a temperature-controlled environment during extreme hot or cold weather, and placed outdoors in a sheltered setting during milder weather.
If you reside in any of the USDA hardiness zones 10 through 12, you can create an eye-catching display with Guzmania by adding it to a container or mounting it on a tree or other type of porous, stationary object.
The Guzmania can be grown in an indoor setting that has comfortable temperature and humidity levels and good lighting.
Bromeliad Buying Tips
You are most likely to find Guzmania, Aechmea, or Neoregelia plants when you are looking to purchase bromeliad plants.
This genus of bromeliads is sough-after for their easy growth and care, so they are widely available.
To get a healthy bromeliad plant when shopping, follow these simple tips.
#1 – Examine the potting medium. Remember that it should never be soggy. Having a slightly moist environment is fine, but too much moisture can cause root and crown rot.
#2 – Take a good look at the leaves. You want leaves that are stiff and uniformly green. If the leaves on your plant are wilted, have brown or yellow spots, that is a sign that the plant is not doing well.
#3 – Look for bugs. Check the plant closely for any insects that might be hiding among the leaves. In addition to looking for insects, also look for their eggs on the undersides of the leaves.
#4 – Avoid buying the most colorful specimen. A plant with bright yellow, orange, red, or purple bracts is hard to resist, but remember that this coloration is a sign of maturity.
If you purchase that plant, it is possible it will not live very long. Buy a plant that is young and green instead of one that is older. It will last longer.
#5 – Find out when the new specimens arrive. Ask when the store gets its plant shipments. You can buy a plant directly from the nursery if you go shopping that day.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Is Guzmania an indoor plant?
This plant will be an indoor plant unless you live in a tropical region or in one of the USDA growing zones 10-12.
Q: How long do Guzmania flowers last?
A: Flowers can last for 3-6 months.
Q: What do Guzmania symbolize?
B: The Guzmania plant is a symbol of the Brazilian wilderness. It is said to be able to capture the blessings from above (water and sunlight) and store them.
A: You don’t need to cut the dead flower off your bromeliad.
B: Yes, you can encourage your plant to produce pups by pruning back spent blooms.
Q: How big do bromeliad Guzmania get?
A: 2 ft wide by 2 ft tall.